The city derives its name from that of a spring in the Roman village. The contemporary coat of arms of the city of Nîmes includes a crocodile chained to a palm tree with the inscription COLNEM, for Colonia Nemausus, meaning the "colony" or "settlement" of Nemausus, the local Celtic god of the Volcae Arecomici. Veterans of the Roman legions who had served Julius Caesar in his Nile campaigns, at the end of fifteen years of soldiering, were given plots of land to cultivate on the plain of Nîmes.
The elliptical Roman amphitheater, of the 1st or 2nd century AD, is the best-preserved Roman arena in France. It was filled with medieval housing, when its walls served as ramparts, but they were cleared under Napoleon. It is still used today as a bull fighting and concert arena.
The Maison Carrée (Square House), a small Roman temple dedicated to sons of Agrippa was built c. 19 BC. It is one of the best-preserved Roman temples anywhere. Today, visitors can watch a short film about the history of Nîmes inside.
The 18th-century Jardins de la Fontaine (Gardens of the Fountain) built around the roman thermae ruins.
The twenty closest neighbours in the database:
Pont du Gard (19 km), Aigues-Mortes (France) (33 km), Avignon (France) (38 km), Miramas le Vieux (France) (61 km), Perpignan (France) (174 km), Carcassonne (France) (176 km), Nice (France) (234 km), Rocamadour (France) (243 km), Principality of Monaco (246 km), Sarlat-la-Canéda (France) (276 km), Turin (Italy) (298 km), Geneva Motor Show (300 km), Santa Maria de Montserrat Abbey (324 km), Sagrada Família (324 km), Barcelona (Spain) (326 km), Palau and Park Güell (327 km), Asti (Italy) (327 km), Lausanne (Switzerland) (347 km), Beaune (France) (356 km), Lourdes (France) (365 km)