Carcassonne is a fortified French town in the Aude department, of which it is the prefecture, in the Region of Languedoc-Roussillon. The city is famous for the Cité de Carcassonne, a medieval fortress restored by the theorist and architect Eugène Viollet-le-Duc in 1853 and added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in 1997. Consequently, Carcassonne greatly profits from tourism but also counts manufacture and wine-making as some of its other key economic sectors.
The fortified city itself consists essentially of a concentric design of two outer walls with 53 towers and barbicans to prevent attack by siege engines. The castle itself possesses its own drawbridge and ditch leading to a central keep. The walls consist of towers built over quite a long period. One section is Roman and is notably different from the medieval walls with the tell-tale red brick layers and the shallow pitch terracotta tile roofs. One of these towers housed the Catholic Inquisition in the 13th Century and is still known as "The Inquisition Tower".
The Cité also hosts the Basilica of St. Nazaire and St. Celse.
The twenty closest neighbours in the database:
Perpignan (France) (73 km), Aigues-Mortes (France) (154 km), Nîmes (France) (176 km), Santa Maria de Montserrat Abbey (185 km), Rocamadour (France) (186 km), Pont du Gard (194 km), Lourdes (France) (195 km), Sagrada Família (202 km), Barcelona (Spain) (204 km), Palau and Park Güell (205 km), Sarlat-la-Canéda (France) (207 km), Avignon (France) (214 km), Miramas le Vieux (France) (219 km), Monestir de Santa Maria de Poblet (229 km), Tarragona (Spain) (250 km), Biarritz (France) (317 km), Pamplona (Spain) (328 km), San Sebastián (Spain) (351 km), Nice (France) (400 km), Principality of Monaco (413 km)