Temples of Karnak

The Karnak Temple Complex, commonly known as Karnak, comprises a vast mix of decayed temples, chapels, pylons, and other buildings. Building at the complex began during the reign of Senusret I in the Middle Kingdom and continued into the Ptolemaic period, although most of the extant buildings date from the New Kingdom. The area around Karnak was the ancient Egyptian Ipet-isut ("The Most Selected of Places") and the main place of worship of the eighteenth dynasty Theban Triad with the god Amun as its head. It is part of the monumental city of Thebes. The Karnak complex gives its name to the nearby, and partly surrounded, modern village of El-Karnak, 2.5 kilometres (1.6 miles) north of Luxor.

One famous aspect of Karnak is the Hypostyle Hall in the Precinct of Amun-Re, a hall area of 50,000 sq ft (5,000 m2) with 134 massive columns arranged in 16 rows. 122 of these columns are 10 meters tall, and the other 12 are 21 meters tall with a diameter of over three meters.

The architraves on top of these columns are estimated to weigh 70 tons. These architraves may have been lifted to these heights using levers. This would be an extremely time-consuming process and also would require great balance to get to such great heights. A common alternative theory regarding how they were moved is that large ramps were constructed of sand, mud, brick or stone and that the stones were then towed up the ramps. If stone had been used for the ramps, they would have been able to use much less material. The top of the ramps presumably would have employed either wooden tracks or cobblestones for towing the megaliths.

The twenty closest neighbours in the database:

Temple of Luxor (3 km), Temple of Queen Hatshepsut (6 km), Temple of Dendera (47 km), Temple of Edfu (85 km), Temple of Kom Ombo (143 km), Assuan (Egypt) (182 km), Temple of Philae (190 km), Temples of Kalabscha (236 km), Temples of Wadi es-Sebua (325 km), Temple of Amada (335 km), Temples of Abu Simbel (390 km), Cairo (Egypt) (502 km), Istanbul (Turkey) (1,735 km), Isfahan (Iran) (1,997 km), Shiraz (Iran) (2,002 km), Persepolis and Naqsh-e Rustam (2,041 km), Syracuse (Italy) (2,072 km), Tehran (Iran) (2,103 km), Catania (Italy) (2,111 km), Taormina (Italy) (2,119 km)

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