Valle de los Caídos

The Valle de los Caídos (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈbaʎe ðe los kaˈiðos], "Valley of the Fallen") is a Catholic basilica and a monumental memorial in the municipality of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, erected at Cuelgamuros Valley in the Sierra de Guadarrama, near Madrid, conceived by Spanish general Francisco Franco to honour and bury those who fell during the Spanish Civil War. It was claimed by Franco that the monument was meant to be a "national act of atonement" and reconciliation. The Valley of the Fallen, as a surviving monument of Franco's rule, and its Catholic basilica remain controversial, in part since 10% of the construction workforce consisted of convicts, some of whom were Spanish Republican political prisoners.

The monument precinct covers over 3,360 acres (13.6 km2) of Mediterranean woodlands and granite boulders on the Sierra de Guadarrama hills, more than 3,000 feet (910 m) above sea level and includes a Basilica, a Benedictine Abbey, a guest house, the Valley, and the Juanelos — four cylindrical monoliths dating from the 16th century. The most prominent feature of the monument is the towering 150-metre-high (500 ft) cross erected over a granite outcrop 150 meters over the basilica esplanade and visible from over 20 miles (32 km) away.

It is not possible to take pictures inside the basilica.

The twenty closest neighbours in the database:

El Escorial Palace (6 km), Museo Cerralbo (44 km), Estadio Bernabéu (45 km), Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza (46 km), Madrid (Spain) (47 km), Toledo (Spain) (87 km), Santillana del Mar (Spain) (305 km), Bilbao (Spain) (306 km), Córdoba (Spain) (311 km), Pamplona (Spain) (319 km), Valencia (Spain) (347 km), San Sebastián (Spain) (348 km), Guimarães (Portugal) (359 km), Braga (Portugal) (372 km), Porto (Portugal) (380 km), Biarritz (France) (382 km), Granada (Spain) (388 km), Seville (Spain) (395 km), Mosteiro da Batalha (412 km), Mosteiro de Alcobaça (428 km)

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