The Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex (German: Zeche Zollverein) is a large former industrial site in the city of Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It has been inscribed into the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites since December 14, 2001, and is one of the anchor points of the European Route of Industrial Heritage.
The first coal mine on the premises was founded in 1847, and mining activities took place from 1851 until December 23, 1986. For decades, starting in the late 1950s, the two parts of the site, Zollverein Coal Mine and Zollverein Coking Plant (erected 1957−1961, closed on June 30, 1993), ranked among the largest of their kinds in Europe. Shaft 12, built in the New Objectivity style, was opened in 1932 and is considered an architectural and technical masterpiece, earning it a reputation as the "most beautiful coal mine in the world".
The twenty closest neighbours in the database:
Düsseldorf (Germany) (34 km), Star Wars Identities Exhibition in Cologne (61 km), Cologne (Germany) (61 km), Bonn (Germany) (84 km), Aachen (Germany) (104 km), Warburg and Wilhelmsthal Calden (147 km), Castle De Haar (158 km), Cloppenburg Museum Village (166 km), Kassel (Germany) (171 km), Saalburg Roman Fort (172 km), Eberbach Abbey (175 km), Amsterdam (Netherlands) (177 km), Royal Palace in Amsterdam (177 km), Rüdesheim am Main (Germany) (178 km), Meyer Shipyards Papenburg (181 km), Mainz (Germany) (186 km), Zaanse Schans (188 km), International Motor Show (IAA) (190 km), Helicopter flight over Frankfurt (191 km), Frankfurt (Germany) (191 km)